This is a serious condition that can lead to vision loss if not treated. The retina is a thin layer of nerve tissue that lines the back of the eye. It sends images to the brain. Retinal detachment occurs when the retina separates from the underlying layers of the eye. It can be caused by a number of things, including:
1. Eye injury
This is the most common cause of the condition. If you have an injury to your eye, it can damage the retina.
2. Eye surgery
Surgery on the eyeball, such as LASIK or cataract surgery, can weaken or injure the retina. This may lead to retinal detachment later on. Eye trauma that results in a small chip of the clear part of your eye (the cornea) also increases the risk of developing it.
3. Retinitis pigmentosa
This is a group of inherited disorders that damage light-sensitive tissue along the back wall of the eye (retina). People who have this disease are likely to develop retinal detachments by about age 40 years if they have no other risk factors.
4. Diabetic retinopathy
This is a complication of diabetes that affects the retina. It is the leading cause of blindness in people aged 20 to 64 years in the United States. Diabetic retinopathy can damage the blood vessels that supply the retina. This can lead to detachment of the retina.
The older you are, the greater your chance of developing it. The risk increases with age because the vitreous humor (a clear gel that fills the inside of the eye) becomes more liquefied and may tug on the retina.
6. Family history
If someone in your family has had it, you are more likely to develop one too.
7. Certain diseases
People with Marfan syndrome, pseudoxanthoma elasticum, and Ehlers-Danlos syndrome are more likely to develop it than people who don’t have these conditions.
8. Vitamin A deficiency
This condition is rare in developed countries such as the United States. Taking too much vitamin A might increase your risk of developing this disease ..
Symptoms may include: -Loss of central vision or blurry vision -Floaters (small “curtains” or “spider webs”) that seem to float about in front of your eye -Sudden appearance of one or more new spots in your visual field Note: Some symptoms are not specific to retinal detachment, and can be caused by other problems. If you have any of these symptoms, see your doctor right away.
Its treatment depends on the cause and how severe the detachment is. If the detachment is mild and there are no tears in the retina, your doctor may just watch it closely. If the is more severe or if there are tears in the retina, you may need surgery to reattach the retina. Surgery can be done with a laser or with traditional surgery tools. After surgery, you will need to wear an eye patch for a while and avoid certain activities that could bump or jar your eye. You will also need regular follow-up visits with your doctor.